theaddicted

Posts Tagged ‘Ubuntu’

OS X vs. XP vs. Ubuntu

In Uncategorized on June 3, 2008 at 11:45 am

OK, I just purchased my new MacBook Pro yesterday, pre-installed with OS 10.5. Now that I have used Windows, Linux, and Mac, it’s time for my review of all of them.

Windows XP:

Windows XP was a huge step up from the previous versions. It was a lot cleaner and easier to use than NT through 2000. It still had some major flaws, however. It was an extremely cluttered OS and it tended to get slower through time. It was inconsistent and none of the software was made by the same company or person. Networking is impossible on XP. Nothing seemed to really “work right” on XP, and all-in-all it was just another Microsoft product.

Rating:

I give Microsoft Windows XP SP2 a rating of 5.5 out of 10

 

Linux Ubuntu:

Ubuntu was a huge leap forward in Linux. It’s free, it’s useful, and the GUI is very well done. It still retains everything about a Linux/Unix machine, and it’s very easy to run it as a VM. They did well with program downloads, and it doesn’t tend to get as cluttered as other Linux OS’s. The drivers work surprisingly well for a Linux machine and it supports most devices. There are flaws, though. It can’t really be used as a server OS and the programs are very limited. It is extremely hard to install things sometimes and you need to as an IT professional on how to install things like AIM or Google Earth. Also, as any Linux machine, it doesn’t have enough big company backing to it, so they don’t write any drivers or software for it.

Rating:

I give Linux Ubuntu 8.04 – Hardy Heron a 8.0 out of 10

 

Apple Macintosh OS X 10.5 – Leopard:

Mac has long been the small, consumer operating system, much known as a toy, but with OS X 10.5, it’s much more than that. The first thing that surprised me was the uncanny resemblance to Unix it had in it’s command line functions. Everything was there, an FTP client, server, the apt-get function worked, same as the sudo, su, useradd, adduser, deluser, and ssh commands. It is the ultimate multimedia powerhouse and it is extraordinarily fast. It also is perfect for work, with it’s many functions and programs such as a VNC and VPN servers, Microsoft Word, iWork, Python, and many more. I could go on and on about how Mac OS 10.5 is the perfect operating system on the market, and it deserves my highest rating of all three.

Rating:

I give Apple Macintosh OS X 10.5 – Leopard a 9.5 out of 10

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Apple reaches $154 billion, Ubuntu to become the most popular Linux distribution?

In Apple, Linux/Unix, Technology, Ubuntu on May 14, 2008 at 8:34 pm

Well, well, it’s Apple’s time of year, because they just reached $154 billion! That’s one monster sized company, they are worth more than Google Corp. and Yahoo! Inc (Well we all knew the latter). Their enormous size comes from the stunning success of their iPods, iTunes, and the growing popularity of Mac’s and OSX. As for Ubuntu. Ubuntu has been one of the fastest growing Linux distributions out there, why? Because it is easy to use, and a WIndows user can adapt quite easily to it. It also has the capabilities of Linux with the simplicity and functionality of a Windows machine. This combination of abilities has easily driven Ubuntu to one of the top Linux distributions in terms of use. All I can say is, “Go Ubuntu!”. That is all.

Your blogger,

The Addicted

How To: Change the appearance of Ubuntu

In Ubuntu on May 14, 2008 at 11:14 am

Ubuntu is a very versatile operating system. You can change nearly everything in it, if you know how. All you have to do is install the Emerald Theme Manager. I will explain the steps below, pictures (As always) will follow.

1. Install the Emerald Theme Manager using

sudo apt-get install emerald

2. Go to the Beryl website using this link.

3. At the top of the site there will be a banner that has all the links, click on the one that says “Themes”.

4. Go through the themes and download the one you like, put it into your home folder.

5. Enter the Emerald Theme Manager by going to System -> Preferances -> Emerald Theme Manager.

6. Click on “Import” and select the file you downloaded (It should be a .emerald file).

7. Double click on it and it should be enabled and viola!

NOTE: Sometimes Emerald will not work, to fix this just right click on your desktop, click “New Launcher” and enter in the name field “Emerald Alternate”, and for the command field “emerald –replace”. It will put an icon on your desktop. After that create a new launcher and title it “GTK Standard” and in the command field enter “gtk-window-decorator –replace”. It will also put an icon on your desktop. If you double-click on the “Emerald Alternate”, it will go to your specified Emerald theme, if you click on “GTK Standard” it will revert back to the default theme.

How To: Backup Ubuntu using Grsync

In Ubuntu on May 12, 2008 at 11:01 pm

OK, this is the scoop on how to backup Ubuntu. It’s very easy to do. Here are the steps (Pictures will follow):

NOTE: You may have to log in as ‘root’ if you don’t have permissions to external drives.

1. Download and install ‘Grsync’ from your package manager.

2. Put all the files you want to back-up into your home folder.

3. Plug in and mount your external drive you want to put your backup on.

4. Open Grsync and click the “Add” button under the “Sessions” section.

5. Type in the name of your backup into the prompt window.

6. Click “Browse” under the  first section of the “Source and Destination” section.

7. Find your home folder and select it.

8. Click “Browse” under the second section of the “Source and Destination” section.

9. Find your external drive and create a folder named “Backup”.

10. Select the new “Backup” folder.

11. Select “Simulation” at the bottom of the window, wait for it to work and make sure the backup will work.

12. If it works then click “Execute”, if it dose not work then review the steps and redo the simulation.

13, It may take a while to sync, but when it’s done then you have created a successful Ubuntu backup!

How To: Install Ubuntu on an external HDD (For those who are curious)

In Ubuntu on May 12, 2008 at 9:13 pm

OK, I know that this isn’t working for me, but you can go ahead and try for yourself if you want to put Ubuntu on an external HDD. There has been many searches on getting Ubuntu on an external HDD, so I’m posting this. I do warn you though, if you try this with your internal HDD in, you might damage it. Also, you will probably fail at this, just as a heads up. OK, now down to the instructions.

1. Format your external HDD to  ext3 or FAT32 or whatever you want it to be, it doesn’t matter as long as you wipe the hard drive clean.

2. Check your BIOS and make sure you are enabled to boot from an external USB device. (If you dont know what BIOS is then I highly recommend you don’t try this)

3. Put your copy of Ubuntu into the CD tray, turn off the computer, and remove your internal HDD. (If you leave it in very bad things will happen and you will lose everything).

4. Boot the computer from the CD and run a live session, make sure the external HDD is unplugged. (If you’re external HDD is plugged in at startup then the system will not boot)

5. Once it has booted, plug in the external HDD and wait for it to mount.

6. Click on the “Install” icon on the desktop, go through the language and time-zone steps, until the partitioner starts up.

7. Click on the second option that says “Guided – Use entire disk”. There should only be one drive that is found (sda), use it. If there is more than one drive in then exit the partitioner immediately, turn off the computer, and take out that other drive.

8. Partition the disk, it will unmount, but that is normal, go get a coffee or something because it will take longer than usual.

NOTE: If you get an error installing GRUB or anything else then you have to restart the installation. This may happen sometimes due to the fact that you are using USB.

9. After the installation the CD will prompt you to reboot, restart the system, let it load, and voila!

How To: Install .bin files

In Ubuntu on May 10, 2008 at 10:22 pm

OK, I know a lot of Ubuntu users are baffled by .bin files, so I’m gonna show you how to install them. It’s actually very easy, I will be using Print Screen to show you step by step instructions on how to install them. I will use Google Earth as an example.

1. First, download the file (I choose Google Earth)

2. Then open up a command line and “cd” into the directory in which the downloaded file is in.

3. Afterwards type the following command:

chmod +x *filename*.bin && ./*filename*.bin

4. It will run a script and open up a GUI interface setup, just follow it and you’re done! It will put an icon on your desktop.

Downloading the BackTrack ISO, don’t get any ideas…

In BackTrack on May 10, 2008 at 1:27 am

OK, so I’ve been hearing about the BackTrack system for quite a while now, and I’m getting interested. Don’t get any ideas, I’m not going to WEP-key crack (Except for maybe my own network) and I’m not going to do anything illegal, I just want to explore. Right now my download is at 13% and it is 706 MiB big…that’s bigger than the Ubuntu 8.04 ISO, which is just 699 MiB’s big. I’m getting curious, and I will post once I am done.

Giving up on putting Ubuntu on my external HDD

In Ubuntu on May 9, 2008 at 11:13 pm

Well, today is indeed a sad day. After many hours of tweaking and trying to fix this, I am officially giving up on putting Ubuntu on my external hard disk. I have tried three times with many fixes and tweaks, but just can’t get it to work. I have no idea what is wrong with it and do not intend to find out. I go though the installation, everything is fine, I reboot, it boots, I login, restart, and then it dies. It just keeps giving me the loading scree, I wait a few minutes, and then a error message comes up. Oh well, at least I gave it a try. One tip, if you want both Ubuntu and WIndows, just dual boot, it’s much easier.

Signed,

The Addicted

Finally got Ubuntu onto my external HDD, bombed it…again

In Ubuntu on May 9, 2008 at 4:24 pm

OK, this is a sad story. I figured out how to put Ubuntu onto my external HDD, what I did is leave my internal HDD in while booting from the CD, connecting my external, mounting it, and begin the installation process. When it gets to the part where it will create the partition, I removed my internal HDD, and told it to partition my external HDD. It finishes, and I use it, it worked. I test my internal HDD, it still works. I mount my external HDD, it finds it, I unmount. I try booting from my external HDD…doesn’t work. I think what happened was that when I mounted my external HDD it “forgot” that it was a HDD and started “thinking” it was a flash drive, don’t ask me how that happened, I still don’t completely understand it. While booting from the external HDD it started wanting to “mount itself”, I know to those of you with dirty minds that sounds kinda wrong, so it got stuck, the boot failed, and I had to boot from my internal HDD. I will try…again…tonight. If it doesn’t work I’ll just format it to ext3 and just use it for extra storage. I really want this to work, though. If it would then I could just have an internal HDD with Windows on it, and then just plug in the Ubuntu drive when I wanted to use it, and that would be really helpful. Oh well, trial and error is how everything we use today was made, but sometimes I just don’t have the patience for it…and now I am sad.

Your fellow web surfer,

The Addicted

Completely Trashed Ubuntu (8.04)

In Ubuntu on May 9, 2008 at 3:58 pm

OK, I have been trying to put Ubuntu 8.04 onto my external hard disk (USB). So I plug it in, put in the CD, and go through the installation. After the installation I reboot and tell it to boot from my USB device, it works. I shut down and remove the hard disk, and boot up normally…only to discover GRUB error 21. It appears as though Ubuntu rewrote my MBR (Master Boot Record) onto the USB device, so I can only boot from the USB. What I had to do is reinstall Ubuntu, but before that, I had to pop in a Windows CD, go to the “Repair” sector, and enter the command:

fixmbr

It successfully rewrites the MBR, and I do a reboot, then reinstall Ubuntu. Everything works and my problem is solved.

Special thanks to my friend Logan for all the help, I appreciate it.